Manipur Violence: A Call for Direct Intervention by Prime Minister Narendra Modi

Paromita Das

GG News Bureau

New Delhi, 12th June.The north-eastern state of Manipur, known for its vibrant culture and scenic landscapes, has been embroiled in a series of violent clashes and unrest that have left a trail of destruction and despair. The escalating violence has disrupted normal life, leading to loss of lives, displacement of people, and widespread fear and uncertainty. In light of these circumstances, there is an urgent call for Prime Minister Narendra Modi to intervene directly and take decisive action to restore peace and stability in the region.

The Genesis of the Violence

The roots of the current violence in Manipur can be traced to longstanding ethnic tensions, economic disparities, and political disagreements. The state, which is home to diverse ethnic groups including the Meitei, Naga, and Kuki communities, has witnessed periodic outbreaks of violence over issues ranging from land ownership to political representation.

In recent months, these tensions have escalated, leading to violent clashes between different ethnic groups. The situation has been exacerbated by the proliferation of illegal arms, inadequate policing, and a lack of effective conflict resolution mechanisms. The violence has not only resulted in tragic loss of life but has also caused extensive damage to property and infrastructure, further deepening the crisis.

Losing the Election and Winning Politics

The BJP has suffered serious political harm as a result of the national governments, especially Prime Minister Modi’s, inaction in Manipur. In both the Naga-Kuki-majority Outer Manipur seat and the Meitei-majority Inner Manipur seat, the Congress beat the BJP. Voting data indicates that Congress, which had only won five of 60 seats in the 2022 assembly elections, was significantly favored by the Meitei, Naga, and Kuki-Chin minorities.

Manipur’s Administrative Dysfunction and Security Situation

Attempts were made by the Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) and state security advisor Kuldeep Singh to handle the Manipur issue, but they were unsuccessful. The violence has not stopped even after the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) was sent in and took control of the security measures.

Disagreement and Militant Action

 The situation has gotten worse due to Kuki insurgents killing and kidnapping Meitei people. Extremist Meitei organizations like Arambai Tenggol and Meitei Leepun have grown as a result of this. Through looting police armories, these groups have armed themselves. The ongoing conflict between militant Meitei and Kuki groups has impeded efforts to bring about peace in the state.

Mistrust of the Security Forces

The Kuki-Chin people are against the deployment of Manipur police, while the Meitei community does not trust the central security forces. The situation of law and order has allegedly worsened due to accusations that central security forces are supporting Kuki militants.

Immigration Illegals and Drug Trafficking

Demographic disparities have arisen in the hill districts of Manipur due to the illegal immigration of Kuki-Chin people from Myanmar. In order to grow poppies, these undocumented immigrants are destroying protected forests. Drug trafficking gives Kuki militant groups financial assistance, allowing them to buy weapons and enlist new members.

Manipur is experiencing administrative gridlock and a fearful climate. Goods prices have soared, healthcare services have deteriorated, and educational institutions are barely operating. Thousands of young people have left the state in pursuit of education and work. Unemployment and economic instability are rising.

The Need for Prime Ministerial Intervention and the Central Government’s Responsibility

The people of Manipur believe the national government has not done enough to address the present problem. Prime Minister Modi’s silence on the rising violence and instability has enraged the public. His perceived passivity is interpreted as a lack of concern for the state’s deteriorating circumstances, escalating their animosity.

Given the gravity of the situation, there is a compelling need for Prime Minister Narendra Modi to intervene directly. His intervention is crucial for several reasons:

  1. Authority and Influence: As the Prime Minister, Modi holds significant authority and influence that can be leveraged to bring conflicting parties to the negotiating table. His direct involvement can signal the seriousness of the government’s commitment to resolving the crisis.
  2. Resources and Coordination: Direct intervention by the Prime Minister can facilitate better coordination among various central and state agencies. This can ensure that adequate resources are allocated for relief, rehabilitation, and long-term peace-building measures.
  3. Confidence Building: The presence of the Prime Minister can instill confidence among the affected communities. It can assure them that their grievances are being heard at the highest level and that there is a genuine commitment to addressing their concerns.
  4. Policy Reforms: Modi’s intervention can also pave the way for necessary policy reforms aimed at addressing the root causes of the violence. This could include measures to improve economic opportunities, enhance political representation, and ensure equitable distribution of resources.

Steps for Immediate Action

To effectively address the crisis in Manipur, the following steps should be prioritized:

  1. Deployment of Security Forces: Reinforcing security in the violence-hit areas is essential to prevent further escalation. This includes deploying additional central paramilitary forces and ensuring that local police are adequately supported and equipped.
  2. Dialogue and Mediation: Establishing a platform for dialogue involving all stakeholders, including community leaders, civil society organizations, and government representatives, is crucial. Independent mediators with expertise in conflict resolution should be engaged to facilitate these discussions.
  3. Humanitarian Assistance: Immediate humanitarian aid, including food, medical supplies, and temporary shelter, must be provided to those affected by the violence. Special attention should be given to vulnerable groups such as women, children, and the elderly.
  4. Long-term Development Plans: A comprehensive development plan focusing on economic growth, infrastructure development, and social cohesion is essential for sustainable peace. This plan should be inclusive and participatory, ensuring that the voices of all communities are heard.
  5. Monitoring and Accountability: Establishing mechanisms for monitoring the implementation of peace and development initiatives is crucial. There should be accountability for any lapses or delays in addressing the needs of the affected population.

Conclusion

Prime Minister Modi has to focus on resolving the Manipur problem. His proactive involvement is critical to restoring peace and stability in the region. Taking decisive steps to end the violence and address the root causes would not only stabilize Manipur, but would also improve India’s general security and unity. This substantial step would indicate the government’s commitment to resolving internal issues and protecting the well-being of all residents.

The violence in Manipur is a stark reminder of the fragile nature of peace in regions marked by ethnic diversity and historical grievances. PM Modi’s direct intervention is not just a political necessity but a moral imperative to ensure that the cycle of violence is broken and a lasting peace is established. The people of Manipur deserve a future free from fear and uncertainty, and it is the duty of the government to make that future a reality.

 

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