Bangladeshi Infiltration: A Key Issue in Jharkhand’s Assembly Elections  

Paromita Das

GG News Bureau

New Delhi, 10th July. The issue of Bangladeshi infiltration has become increasingly prominent in political discourse as Jharkhand’s assembly elections draw near. It is anticipated that this persistent issue will be a major factor in the next elections, especially in places where tribes predominate, like the Santhal Pargana region. Concerns over shifting demographics, cultural changes, and possible security threats have been raised by the flood of immigrants from Bangladesh, making this a crucial topic for both policymakers and the general public.

The Degree of Infiltration by Bangladeshis

Bangladeshi infiltrators enter India covertly, making it difficult to estimate their numbers. Nonetheless, a government official claimed in 2016 that there were almost 20 million undocumented Bangladeshi citizens residing in India. This startling statistic emphasizes the scope of the issue and how it might affect several states, including Jharkhand.

The border between Bangladesh and India is porous and spans more than 4,000 kilometers, making it challenging to stop unauthorized crossings. Furthermore, there are extra difficulties with monitoring and surveillance near the border’s riverine areas.

Demographic Concerns and Cultural Shifts

According to reports, there have been significant changes in the population in several Santhal Pargana locations. The rise of “Jamai Tola,” or areas where Bangladeshi infiltrators purportedly wed tribal women in order to get land rights, is a worrying trend. This practice raises issues regarding the exploitation of indigenous groups and their resources in addition to changing the demographic mix. Local communities fear that the arrival of Bangladeshi immigrants could alter the demographic balance and impact their cultural heritage. Tribal leaders and activists argue that the influx threatens to undermine the region’s traditional way of life, which is deeply rooted in its indigenous culture and customs.

The Jharkhand High Court has ordered officials to take immediate action in response to this matter. The fact that the court intervened highlights how serious the issue is and how quickly action must be taken to safeguard tribal interests and preserve societal peace.

Recent High Court Directives Spark Debate

The recent directive from the Jharkhand High Court has added fuel to the fire. The court ordered the state government to develop a comprehensive plan for identifying and deporting illegal immigrants from the Santhal Pargana region. This decision has reignited the political debate between the ruling Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM) alliance and the opposition Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).

The BJP has seized upon the court’s directive to criticize the JMM-led government, accusing it of being lax on illegal immigration and compromising the state’s security. The BJP has promised stringent measures to tackle the issue if it comes to power, appealing to voters’ concerns over security and demographic changes.

Political Implications

For the ruling JMM alliance, the High Court’s directive poses a significant challenge. The party has historically enjoyed strong support in tribal areas, but the issue of Bangladeshi infiltration could erode this base if not addressed decisively. The JMM has responded by emphasizing its commitment to protecting the interests of local communities and ensuring that illegal immigrants are dealt with according to the law.

Concerns about the shifting demography in the Santhal area have been expressed by BJP officials. Former Chief Minister Babulal Marandi drew attention to the Pakur district’s rise in Muslim population and decrease in tribal population between 2001 and 2011. These figures have been used to support calls for improved tribal rights protection and tougher laws against illegal immigration.

The JMM has refuted these assertions, raising concerns about the BJP’s emphasis on Bangladeshi infiltration in light of the ongoing border problems. They contend that the BJP is dividing voters over the issue in an attempt to draw attention away from other urgent issues facing the state.

Bangladeshi Infiltration as a Crucial Election Concern

The issue of Bangladeshi infiltration is expected to gain prominence as the assembly elections draw near, especially in the Santhal region. Leaders of the BJP have stated that a major campaign theme will be defending “Roti, Beti, and Mati,” or Bread, Daughters, and Land. Their dedication to defending land rights, defending native women, and conserving local resources is summed up in this motto.

If elected, the opposition party intends to run on a platform of passing legislation to stop infiltrators from occupying land. They contend that taking such action is essential to upholding the state’s cultural character and safeguarding the interests of Jharkhand’s indigenous population.


As Jharkhand’s assembly elections approach, the issue of Bangladeshi infiltration is set to be a key factor influencing voter behavior, especially in tribal-dominated regions like the Santhal Pargana. The recent High Court directive has intensified the debate, highlighting the deep-seated concerns over demographics, cultural shifts, and security risks. Both the ruling JMM alliance and the opposition BJP are leveraging this issue to appeal to voters, making it a central theme in their election campaigns.

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