A 2024 Electoral Analysis: BJP Sweeps All 7 Delhi Parliamentary Seats Despite Congress-AAP Alliance Challenges

Paromita Das

GG News Bureau

New Delhi, 15th June. The 2024 electoral performance of the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) and the Indian National Congress in Delhi highlights the intricate dynamics of political alliances, especially when they stem from entrenched rivalries. Despite their alliance inside the INDIA bloc, the parties were unable to prevent the Bharatiya Janata Party from winning all seven parliamentary seats in the national capital.

This outcome raises serious concerns about the effectiveness of such alliances, as well as the difficulties of resolving historical animosities and internal strife. In Delhi politics, the AAP and Congress have a contentious relationship. The development of AAP profoundly transformed the political scene, effectively marginalising the Congress, which had enjoyed 15 years of continuous power under the late Sheila Dikshit. This long-standing competition fostered an inherent distrust and competitive culture, which proved difficult to eradicate. The coalition’s failure to present a cohesive front was evidenced by a lack of grassroots cooperation.

The Alliance Conundrum

The 2024 elections in Delhi underscore the complexities of political alliances, particularly between AAP and Congress. Historically, the two parties have been fierce competitors, vying for the same urban electorate. This long-standing rivalry has often precluded any meaningful collaboration, despite occasional discussions about the need for a united front against the BJP.

This inherent contradiction substantially hampered their group efforts. The fact that the two parties were vying for seats in Punjab did not help the unity narrative in Delhi. Furthermore, the cooperation was hampered by internal factionalism in the Congress. Since its last spell in office, the party has faced leadership upheavals and factional disagreements. Prominent figures openly criticized the coalition, with some even defecting to rival parties. Such internal strife drew attention away from campaigning and damaged the party’s organizational strength. AAP, too, suffered its share of challenges. Key leaders, including Arvind Kejriwal and Manish Sisodia, were embroiled in legal issues, limiting their capacity to campaign successfully and create a stable image. The BJP, on the other hand, exploited these flaws. The breakdown of the AAP-Congress coalition in Delhi is a case study in the complexity of political relationships. To effectively challenge the BJP’s dominance, all parties must address the fundamental concerns, establish genuine grassroots cooperation, and present a united front.

The reluctance to form an alliance is rooted in mutual distrust and the fear of losing distinct political identities. For AAP, aligning with Congress could dilute its image as a new-age party distinct from traditional politics. Conversely, Congress risks alienating its core supporters who view AAP as an upstart rival.

Analysis and Implications

The BJP’s clean sweep in Delhi is indicative of the challenges that the INDIA bloc faces in their bid to counter the BJP at a national level. The results suggest that despite strategic alliances, voter sentiments and party loyalty can significantly influence election outcomes.

For the Congress and AAP, this result is a call to reassess their strategies and perhaps address internal dynamics to strengthen their coalition. The need for a more coherent and compelling narrative that can effectively counter the BJP’s influence is evident.

Lessons from 2024

The electoral performance of AAP and Congress in 2024 offers several lessons for the broader political landscape in Bharat:

  1. Local Governance Matters: AAP’s continued success in Delhi underscores the importance of addressing local issues and delivering tangible results. Voters respond positively to parties that prioritize their immediate concerns and provide effective solutions.
  2. Leadership and Vision: The contrasting fortunes of AAP and Congress highlight the significance of strong leadership and a clear, compelling vision. Arvind Kejriwal’s leadership has been instrumental in AAP’s rise, while Congress’s lack of charismatic leadership has been a major impediment.
  3. Navigating Alliances: The complexities of forming alliances between traditional rivals illustrate the challenges inherent in coalition politics. Successful alliances require not only strategic alignment but also the ability to reconcile historical differences and present a united front.
  4. Adapting to Change: Political parties must adapt to changing voter expectations and demographics. AAP’s innovative approach to governance and communication has resonated with a younger, more urban electorate, while Congress has struggled to adapt to these shifts.

Future Prospects

The INDIA bloc, while facing a setback in Delhi, is likely to continue its efforts to build a formidable opposition against the BJP. The upcoming state elections and the general elections will be critical in determining the coalition’s future and its potential to challenge the BJP’s hegemony.


The 2024 electoral performance of AAP and Congress in Delhi is a microcosm of the broader narrative of Bharatiya politics, where the interplay of long-standing rivalries, governance models, and the quest for political alliances shapes the electoral outcomes. As AAP continues to consolidate its position in Delhi, Congress faces an urgent need to reinvent itself and reclaim its relevance.

In conclusion, the BJP’s victory in all seven parliamentary seats in Delhi highlights the party’s entrenched support in the capital and poses significant challenges for the Congress-AAP alliance. The results serve as a crucial indicator for future political strategies and alignments as Bharat heads towards the next general elections.The evolving political dynamics in Delhi will undoubtedly influence future electoral strategies and the broader discourse on coalition politics in Bharat.

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