Nation Building: An Enchanted or disenchantment in Modi’s regime

Sonam Dixit

Elections are almost at the door, and in the series of evaluations of   the promises kept by the BJP government seems a never-ending course.  Nation building is the Modi’s prime planning and determination. The Smart Cities Mission, is supposed to transform 100 cities into “smart cities” Accordingly, the purpose of the Smart Cities Mission is to drive economic growth and improve the quality of life of people by facilitating local area development by an innovative and remarkable technology that leads to Canny grades. Area wise development will renovate existing areas, to provide addition components according to the needs and regenerate, embracing favelas, into improve premeditated ones, thereby cultivating the quality of life of the entire City. New areas that are undeveloped will be developed around cities in order to provide sufficient space to the swelling population in the metropolitan areas. The function of Keen Keys will enable cities to custom technology, information and data to improve foundation and services. An ample development in this way will convalesce quality of life, craft occupation and boost incomes for all, especially the poor and the underprivileged, leading to better Cities. 

 PM Modi’s assertion of having staunch over Rs 2 lakh crore for developing 100 smart cities is four times as much or Rs1.52 lakh crore more than the total outlay of Rs.48,064 core the centre promised to states in assistance when the Smart Cities Mission was tossed in June 2015 . Now the report says, Of Rs 48,064 crore, till March 2018, only 21 percent of central funds had been expended and 1.8 percent of this had been turned to account, this is the Parliamentary Standing Committee report on urban development.

The Smart City Mission was one of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s strategic electoral assurances in 2014. The scheme aimed to develop 100 cities across the country, making them citizen-friendly, energy efficient, clean thereby being benign to the environment. The total planned investment in the selected cities under the scheme is over Rs 2.05 lakh crore. But according to government data, only 33% of the total 5,151 Smart City Mission projects have been accomplished or are under execution, operating 25% of the predicted venture.

The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs   presented data to the Lok Sabha, 2,342 projects worth Rs 90,929 crore have been proffered as of end November, of which 1,675 projects worth Rs 51,866 crore are under operation or have been completed. In other words, a gigantic 67% of the projects have either just been given or are yet to go through the course.

The scheme has been gaining grip in the past year. “The pace of implementation of projects has picked up significantly during the last one year. There has been a 290% increase in projects tendered, 332% increase in projects grounded/completed and 479% increase in projects completed since October 2017,” the Ministry told Parliament.

Of the total investment in the scheme, the Centre is supposed to contribute with Rs 100 crore per year for five years for each of the 100 selected cities. All amount will be equal and will have to be funded by the state or urban local bodies. The surplus – reportedly around 20% of the funding – is expected to come through a cooperation of various programmes and public-private syndicates. Around 13,846 crores has been freed to state governments/Union Territories thus far.

In January 2016, 20 cities were branded under the Smart Cities Mission, which are expected to complete their projects by 2019-20 or 2020-21. 13 cities added, selected in May 2016, tailed by 27 cities four months later, for which the goal is 2019-20/2021-22. In the third round last year, the 30 cities selected reportedly have to meet the target by 2020-21/2021-2. Decisively, the nine cities chosen in January 2018, and Shillong was the 100th city picked in June, very much expected to complete their projects by 2020-21/2022-23.

Formulating a responsible and comprehensive ‘National Energy Policy’ is a major policy initiative of BJP, in particular of Mr. Modi. Prime Minister Modi is pushing and has a vision for the Nation to contribute in minimising the carbon foot print of the country by making renewable energy, in particular, increasing the solar energy contribution to the overall energy economy of the country. Analytical reports say, the renewable energy production has been doubled in last 4 years, incredible growth in solar capacity by over 8 times in last 4 years fro 2,630 MW to 22,000 MW. 100 Billion plus units of renewable electricity generated in 2018. Significant reduction in per unit cost of the solar and wind power. 41 solar parks in 21 states with aggregate capacity of over 26,144 MW already legitimate. Kurnool Solar Park set up with a capacity of 1,000 MW. Largest solar Park of 2,000 MW in Pavagada under fitting. Win power capacity increased by 1.6 times in last 4 years. During last 4 years small hydro projects of 682 MW added and 132 projects under constructions. 10,141 crore invested in Green Energy Corridors under this 9,400 ckm completed /under execution. Off Grid Solar Submission, over 90%of the solar pumps set up in last 4 years. Solar Streets Lights are magnified , Solar  home lighting systems increased by 1.5 times. 25,75000 solar lamps distributed to the students. To empower women access of  2.5 lakh Biogas Plants  for Unpolluted gasoline, set up in for rural households  for cooking .  Around 10 Million Generating Employment created per annum, 18,000 Surya Mitras trained in last 4 years. And the above all, “International Solar Alliance” (ISA) is the vision of PM  Shri Narendra Modi to bring the world together to harness solar energy for universal energy access at reasonable rates. As an add on  India witnessed  the First Treaty Based International and Inter- Governmental Organizational Headquarter in India, (Gurugram ) founded on 7 th December 2017.

The Launching Diamond Quadrilateral project – of High Speed Train network (bullet train).

The significantly boasted dream project of high-speed rail of the Modi government to shrink travel time between metro cities severely has so far been confined in the study stage and is yet to come on the doodle. On June 9, 2014, then President Pranab Mukherjee broadcasted that a government project led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi will launch a diamond quadrilateral project and fulfil the demand of high-speed trains connecting metro cities.

The propositioned Mumbai-Ahmedabad rail corridor is facing serious issues related to land acquisition and reimbursement to farmers, the government has united with China, Spain and Germany to conduct achievability readings of sections of the Diamond Quadrilateral network.

In the Rail Budget 2014-15, the study for creation the Diamond Quadrilateral network of high-speed rail connecting major metros and growth centres of the country was pronounced. Achievability studies were calculated for network of trains linking Delhi-Mumbai, Mumbai-Chennai, Chennai-Kolkata, Kolkata-Delhi and both the diagonals – Delhi-Chennai and Mumbai-Kolkata.

For a practicability study of the proposed route for running trains at a maximum speed of 300 km per hour, the government has allocated the Delhi-Mumbai high speed rail corridor to TRSD, a Chinese conglomeration.

China is also involved on the Delhi-Nagpur route, which is part of the Delhi-Chennai high-speed passageway, for carrying out feasibility study of the section. The study is likely to be completed in January 2019.

Systra, a french consultant, has been given to The Mumbai-Chennai corridor , and Delhi-Kolkata route has gone to a Spanish consultant for functioning a detailed analysis for running bullet trains.

Spain has been given another section – Mumbai-Nagpur route, which is part of the Mumbai-Kolkata high-speed corridor, besides Delhi-Kolkata for conducting study.

The Chennai-Bengaluru-Mysuru high-speed study is being done by Germany and is to also be completed in 2018.

The high-speed rail project under the National High Speed Rail Corp is estimated to cost about Rs 2 lakh crore. It is similar to the Golden Quadrilateral, which is a roadway project which connects four metros by expressways and falls under the National Highways Development Project.

The Diamond Quadrilateral railway project is to advance high-speed rail network across several metros of India. This quadrilateral rail network connects major metros: Delhi, Chennai, Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Kolkata and Hyderabad.

Setting up a National Optical-Fibre Network up to the village level; and Wi-Fi zones in public areas.

 Over the last four years, how sufficiently has the Narendra Modi government’s flagship ‘Digital India’ scheme, the Bharat Net project, performed?

 Under the Digital India scheme approved by the cabinet in August, 2014, the Modi government had set a target of providing broadband connections to all 2,50,000 village panchayats by December 2016. Contributing broadband to all village or gram panchayats is an integral part of the ‘Digital India’ programme. It is the first of the ‘nine pillars’ of the project.

In February 2018, the Centre pronounced that over 1.1 lakh village panchayats had been provided “optical fibre connectivity”. However, according to internal DoT data only 5,010 village panchayats have actual commercial broadband connections as of October 31, 2018.

As a key initiative under Digital India programme, the service was launched  from Mumbai Central station in January 2016, and Dibrugarh in Assam has become the 400th station in the race of success.

Tech goliath Google  also confirmed  that free public WiFi  is available at 400 Indian railway stations in collaboration with RailTel corporation of India Ltd.

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