ICMR has confirmed fruit bats were the primary source of the virus that killed 17 persons in Kozhikode and Malappuram districts of the state earlier this year. The delay in identifying the zoonotic virus host occurred because the wrong bat species were trapped and tested in May. In the second round, samples from 55 fruit bats were collected and sent to National Institute of Virology in Pune.
ICMR Nutrition App
ICMR’s Hyderabad-based National Institute of Nutrition has launched a mobile App that offers comprehensive nutrition related information on a wide range of Indian food articles. The App named ‘Nutrify India Now’ is based on authentic and well researched India-specific databases and uses guidelines prescribed by ICMR, the apex medical research body of the country.
Zika may cause more abortions than expected
According to an NIH study, published in Nature Medicine, fetal death in utero occurred in more than one-fourth of monkeys infected in the laboratory with Zika virus in early pregnancy.
Long working hours and diabetes
Women who work long hours have an increased risk of diabetes, a new study suggests. Researchers found women who work more than 45 hours a week have a significantly higher risk of developing the disease. But the same link was not found in men, according to the study published in the journal BMJ Open Diabetes Research and Care
Metformin for lung fibrosis
University of Alabama, Birmingham, have amassed evidence that Metformin can help repair the lung fibrosis. The team is particularly interested in finding effective treatments for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), a progressive, fatal disease. The scientists zeroed in on cells called myofibroblasts, which are responsible for depositing the damaging collagen that proliferates in lung fibrosis. They found that the activity of an enzyme called AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) was suppressed in fibrotic areas of tissue samples taken from IPF patients. The metabolisms of those cells went into overdrive, making them less likely to undergo apoptosis, or programmed cell death. Metformin activates AMPK. In experiments with the tissue samples and lung fibroblasts from mice, the researchers found that metformin reversed lung fibrosis.
Death Rates May Be Lower When Patients See the Same Doctor
Lower death rates occur when patients see the same doctor over time as per authors of a study in BMJ Open.
Sir Denis Pereira Gray, who led the investigation, said: “There have been huge advances in technology – and they’ve had a lot of publicity – and one can argue that the human side of medicine has been a bit neglected.”
Sir Denis said the advantages of personal care have been established. “It’s been shown that it improves patient satisfaction, it improves the likelihood of a patient following medical advice, it improves the uptake of personal preventive medicine, and it reduces unnecessary admissions to hospital significantly.”
The study, a collaboration between St Leonard’s Practice in Exeter and the University of Exeter Medical School, investigated whether higher levels of continuity of care, in any setting, with any patient group, was associated with changed mortality.
Vedic reference on diet
अजीर्णाध्यशनं ग्रहणीदूषणानां, विरुद्धवीर्याशनं निन्दितव्याधिकराणां
Not eating or long fasting lowers the age. Eating in less amount causes emaciation. Eating when the previous meal is not digested causes diseases of duodenum and eating food articles with opposite potencies may cause diseases like obesity, diabetes, skin diseases.
Dr KK Aggarwal
Padma Shri Awardee
Vice President CMAAO